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工作:雇主和雇员之间的社会契约

Thursday, 31 March, 2022 Written by Debbi Perkul

MAGNET的部门合作关系董事总经理亚当•斯奈德(Adam Snyder)写了一篇文章 compelling piece 制造商需要提高起薪以保持在劳动力市场上的竞争力. Today, 我们从求职者和雇员的角度来看待这个问题, 就这些人每天面临的问题提供见解. Both pieces, intended to spur a mindset shift, 能否为制造商提供如何通过吸引人才进入我们行业来缩小差距的见解.

工作是雇主和雇员之间的一种社会契约,是劳动交换报酬的过程. 然后,雇员用这些报酬来提供基本的生活必需品:食物, shelter, clothing, healthcare, etc. 但是,为了上班,员工需要交通和儿童看护.

对雇主来说,薪酬是根据劳动力市场和竞争对手的工资来计算的. However, 我不知道雇主是否考虑过工资率对雇员意味着什么——如何影响他们和他们的家庭. 或者,当提供的补偿不能满足人们的基本需求时会发生什么?

企业希望员工每天都来上班, on time and mentally prepared for a full day’s work. That is part of this social contract. However, 企业往往很难找到能满足这些最低要求的员工. A universal refrain is that people don’t want to work; or people say others want to work but then they miss days, 迟到或精神状态不佳,无法做好工作.

We need to consider the possible correlation between wages being paid and the quality of employees and their work; the impact of the wages we pay employees so they can work, manage their lives and take care of themselves and their families; and how wages affect the ability to be a good, reliable employee.

Consider this case study:

Employee A: Paid $13.50/hour; $29,120 annually before taxes

然后让我们应用人们消费的众所周知的规则 30% of income on housing costs (even though a recent Harvard report 发现收入在3万至4.5万美元的家庭中,45%的租金成本超过30%).

这意味着员工A有大约500美元用于房租和水电费. However, in Cleveland, $500 rent (just rent) equals housing, like in one of these two photos; one came from an ad with no interior photos included and another is a third-floor apartment with no kitchen in an east side Cleveland neighborhood.

Picture1-1  Picture2  Picture3

如果员工A有孩子,没有厨房的公寓很可能是不够的.

Now let’s run the numbers for Employee B.

Employee B: Paid $15/hour; $31,200 annually before taxes

根据30%的规则,B现在每月可以支付564美元的租金. In Cleveland, 564美元的租金可以让员工住进克利夫兰南百老汇的这套两居室公寓.

Picture4Picture5

Or, for $575 per month, B可以住在Shaker学区的南莫兰德七叶树Shaker一居室公寓, though children would sleep in the living room.

Picture6   Picture7

Let’s show one final case.

Employee C: Paid $18/hour; $37,440 annually before taxes

C now has $712 to spend on rent, 这等于租了一套三居室的西区公寓, which could look like:

Picture8   Picture9

或者这间位于七叶摇客社区的两居室公寓:

Picture10Picture4

选择公寓通常需要考虑多种因素,例如: public amenities, crime rate/public safety and the quality of schools, looking at the graduation rates. And where schools do have better numbers, 特别是那些学生有更好机会完成学业并进入高质量职业或大学的学校, like Cleveland Heights, Shaker and Lakewood, employees may struggle to find affordable housing.

最后,员工需要为交通预算,通常是一辆汽车. Yet, with the example wages above, 为购买一辆汽车(以及保险和所需的燃料——每加仑4美元并不容易)攒钱需要相当长的时间. 事实上,月薪1660美元的员工A可能很难准时上班.

除了亚当提出的提高工资对你生意的长期好处之外, 在用劳动交换补偿的问题上,还有人道主义的考虑. Analyze 你有多少员工(提示:大多数雇主远远低估了他们的员工有多少生活在这里的压力之下), 并且了解到在什么样的工资范围内,员工在上班(准时)和做好工作方面开始变得更可靠. 这些额外的想法可能会导致对员工价值和工资的不同计算.


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